Trainee lawyers in Thessaloniki & Athens

By | career, News, ΘΕΣΕΙΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ

As a committed company to the pursuit of excellence is building its success on the insights into the human capital dynamics, the unique corporate culture and the innovative transfer.


The ideal profile for the Trainee Lawyers based in

Headquarters in Thessaloniki, Code:  R19/TL/ TH

Offices in Athens, Code:  R19/TL/ ATH

are qualified Graduates who are looking for an essential practice in a wide spectrum of legal areas of company’s expertise, providing assistance and performing effectively



Educational Requirements         
  • BSc in Law
  • Excellent command of English
  • PC literate
Core Competencies
  • Performance Driven
  • Quality & Customer orientation
  • Effective communication skills and teamwork spirit
  • Highly organized and detailed oriented
Other Job Specifications
  • Fulfilled army obligations for the men candidates is desirable


The Company offers an active career path by building a long-term relationship, competitive remuneration package, and continuous training within a stimulating and growing working environment


If you are looking for a fascinating career, please send your application at

by 31st of December 2019

Your application must:

include your Curriculum Vitae, Cover Letter and a Business Photo

quote the relevant Code

Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted and all information will be used solely for recruitment purposes and regarded as strictly confidential.

The “GOLDEN VISA” Program

By | News

The GOLDEN VISA program was introduced and implemented in Greece, for the first time, under Law 4146/2013. It was reworded with Law 4251/2014 and in particular with Articles 16 and 20 thereof, which, after successive amendments that have followed in the interim, are still in force today.

The Legislature’s aim was, among other things, to stimulate the domestic real estate market and, in fact, the numbers speak for themselves: based on recent official data (September 2019) of the Ministry of Citizen Protection, approximately 5,300 permanent residence permits have been issued up to date (without counting the family members accompanying them). The vast majority of permits issued so far come from investments in real estate in Greece. Ιf one, wishes to classify the residence permits of investors issued so far on the basis of nationality, he concludes that at the top of this list are the Chinese with a great difference from the second Turks, with the Russians coming third and with several countries to follow (in the order: Egypt, Lebanon, Iran, Iraq etc) completing this “informal” race among third-country nationals who have invested in our country.

But what exactly is the GOLDEN VISA program?

In essence, it is a residence permit issued to third-country nationals who make various types of investments in our country as listed in the law. The residence permit granted, is subject to different acquisition conditions and is essentially subdivided into two major categories, depending on the type of investment (Section 2 is the category in which we will focus in this article since it is of increasing interest).

Specifically, depending on the type of investment, it is granted:

1. «Residence permit for investment activity» to third-country nationals who, have entered the country legally and either themselves or through legal entities and under the conditions laid down in Article 16 of Law 4251/2014 as in force today, have made:

a) Investments that have a positive impact on national development and the economy

b) «Strategic investments»

c) Intangible Investments (Indicative: time deposits, capital injection to a company based or installed in Greece, purchase of Greek government bonds, purchase of equity shares etc.) worth at least 400,000 € or

2. « Investor Permanent Residence Permit», to a third-country national who, having entered the country legally and under the conditions laid down in Article 20 par. B of Law 4251/2014 as in force today:

a) Has freehold ownership and possession of a real estate in Greece.

b) Has freehold ownership and possession of  a real estate in Greece, through a legal entity based in Greece or another EU Member State, whose shares or company parts are wholly owned by him.

c) Has entered into a long-term lease of a complex tourist accommodation, or a timeshare lease of a tourist accommodation

d) Has acquired freehold ownership and possession, as an inheritor from intestacy or  will, or as a consequence of a parental benefit, of real estate with the objective value of two hundred and fifty thousand (250.000) euro, and he is an adult.

A recent, Ministerial Decision also provided for the conditions for obtaining the above residence permit through the purchase of a parcel or plot in which the investor subsequently wishes to build or restore a house through a contractor agreement.

For all the above cases of permanent investor residence permit (2nd category), the minimum value of the real estate, as well as the total contractual price of the leases of the above mentioned accommodation or leasing contracts is set at € 250,000 and the amount is paid in all, following a very recent change to the Law (“Investing in Greece”), either (a) by a crossed bank check on the payment account of the seller, being held at a credit institution operating in Greece, or (b) by transfer credit, or c) through P.O.S established by a payment service provider that operates in Greece with bank charge credit or debit card of the buyer at a payment account of the seller, kept in payment services provider that operates in Greece.

The above methods of payment may be made either by the spouse and / or by  blood relatives  or by affinity relatives till 2nd degree from the buyer. All the above mentioned payment methods apply retrospectively, from 01.01.2017 until today.

Upon completion of the purchase and transcription of the deed to the competent land registry, the person concerned, in person or through his or her power of attorney, collects the necessary supporting documents and submits a complete file to any department of Immigration Services of the Decentralized Administrations of the country, based on the recent Ministerial Decision that aimed at the decongestion of the large urban centers and the decrease of the waiting times.

He may also, if he so wishes, be accompanied by members of his family (other spouse, unmarried  children below 21 years of the spouses, direct ancestors of the spouses), who file a relevant file accompanied by a relevant fee and obtain a permit, which ends at the same time as that of the investor.

The residence permit is initially granted to the applicant for a period of 5 years, with the possibility of renewal each time, for a further 5 years and for as long as the investor retains ownership of the property.

Finally, it is worth mentioning that the Law, as it is in force today, enables a third-country citizen residing in our country who has obtained the above-mentioned residence permit, to establish the right to acquire Greek Citizenship, thus giving one more – even long-term – strong motivation.

The future of the program can only be auspicious, because both the imminent implementation of the long-awaited three-year suspension of V.A.T announced by the Prime Minister in his recent speech and recent amendments to the Law will certainly lead to an ever-increasing attraction of foreign investors to our country.

Legal Associate position with expertise in Labour / Commercial Law – Thessaloniki

By | career, News, ΘΕΣΕΙΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ


As a committed company to the pursuit of excellence is building its success on the insights into the human capital dynamics, the unique corporate culture and the innovative transfer of knowledge.


The ideal profile for the Legal Associate position with expertise in Labour / Commercial Law

(Code:  R19: LA/LCL/TH)

is a high caliber professional, who will ensure the continued strive for improving our client services.

Educational Requirements

  • BSc in Law
  • MSc  in Labour / Commercial Law will be considered as an asset
  • Excellent command of English
  • PC literate


  • 10 years of working experience in Labour & Commercial Law
Core Competencies
  • Achievement Drive
  • Customer Excellence
  • Problem solving
  • Highly organized and detailed oriented


The Company offers an active career path by building a long-term relationship, competitive remuneration package, performance based bonus scheme and continuous training within a stimulating and growing working environment.


If you are looking for a fascinating career, please send your application at

by 31st of December 2019

Your application must:

  • include your Curriculum Vitae, Cover Letter and a Business Photo
  • quote the relevant Code

Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted and all information will be used solely for recruitment purposes and regarded as strictly confidential.

For more information, visit our website

Athens, new offices, new location

By | News

Rhetor Law Firm, a member of Rhetor Group of companies, is moving offices in Athens.

Our brand new offices are located at Skoufa 10 in Athens.
Rhetor’s expansion and our constant strive for improving our client services, created the need for new offices.
Our legal associates offer high quality services in an excellent working environment.

New address:
Skoufa 10 – 1st floor
Kolonaki 10673
Our telephone numbers are 210 3645036 & 210 3636875

“we are not just lawyers, we are problem solvers”

D. Zachos – A. Papamimikos

Event for the beginning of the Legal year 2019 at Rhetor Law Firm

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On the occasion of the beginning of the Legal year, Dimitris Zachos, Andreas Papamimikos and their associates welcomed business professionals, politicians, representatives of the local government, as well as academics and other prominent personalities at the Rhetor Law Firm offices.

Rhetor Law Firm operates on the Greek and the International market, having more than 30 partners in its Athens and Thessaloniki offices.

Where do you belong? The mysteries of Prespes for businesses.

By | News

Article by Andreas Papamimikos at for the problems caused by the agreement with Fyrom for Greek businesses

The “Prespes Agreement” and in general foreign policy agreements and major national issues cannot be judges solely on the basis of bidding and auction. Besides, it has been shown many times in the past that these approaches are ineffective and more importantly, divisive and can cause damage to the country.

These agreements must always be judged with composure and realism and, above all, must be considered on the basis of their results. In this context, the conclusion on this agreement is that instead of addressing issues, on the contrary it creates new short-term and long-term problems for the country and its interests. Mainly, I believe that it does not guarantee the most important thing, which is the elimination of irredentism.

I will not attempt a comprehensive approach to the problems raised by the agreement at this point. They have been recorded. However, I will focus on the fact that it causes a series of problems in the everyday lives of citizens adding more problems to the operation of businesses; problems that will soon materialize. I refer to magnitude of the impact of the Greece – Skopje agreement on the trade names, trademarks and the businesses under the name “Macedonia”. In Article 3 paragraph 8 of Part I, the agreement provides for the establishment of an international panel of experts to be set up within 2019 which will complete its work within three years, regulating the framework of intellectual property rights between the two countries, while the use of these rights will remain unaffected until then.

In this blurred landscape, the Foreign Ministry’s General Secretary of International Economic Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Ioannis Brachos, who is in charge of the technical team from the Greek side and will regulate the issues of the bilateral economic relations, participated in an event which was held at Thessaloniki Chamber of Commerce and Industry (EBETH) with the co-organization of Association of Industries of Northern Greece (SVVE) and the Association of Exporters of Northern Greece (SEVE) for the issue of “Economic Diplomacy Actions 2017-2018” .There he stated in that the use of the words “Macedonia” and “Macedonian” by businesses in Greece or the neighboring country will not encounter problems as inscriptions to indicate which Macedonia is referred will be added.

But then why a three-year committee is needed? Unfortunately, the issue is not simple as it is presented. Such a “solution” is against Greece and against all the European and international rules of ensuring rights, as it violates the inalienable principle that a copyright (trademark, the name of a company, the brand name) should not be visually or acoustically similar to an earlier protected right. Consequently, will the government prefer a solution with the help of its representatives in this special group that would offend the inalienable principle of business? And under this aspect, will it be possible to have two Universities of “Macedonia”, two airports “Macedonia” and so on, with only one difference, their different marking?

This “solution” also violates a basic rule regarding registrations: that of time priority. Based on the European and international rules, the right which precedes time over another is protected. Moreover, in the majority of the cases, Greek entrepreneurs hold copyrights previously protected by those of Skopje enterprises and institutions, both on a national and a European level.

However, what will be true regarding new brand names, new brands and businesses? What will be the framework for the use of the term “Macedonia” for the two countries during the three-year working period of the International Panel of Experts and until the outcome of their work? Unfortunately no provision for this issue exists.

Another issue emerging from this agreement is that through non-regulation it is possible to secure rights when the term “Macedonia” in both countries. Therefore, successful Greek companies will be called upon to confront the usurpation of their dynamic brands by the corresponding products of Skopje, which are clearly of smaller entrepreneurial and historical power.

At the time I was writing this article noting questions that arise, Mr Zaef anwered at the agency MIA that “state organizations will obey the principle of the agreement and the new name. All the other organizations, associations, and companies can use the adjective “Macedonian” both in the country and anywhere in the world. For example, “Macedonian culture”” expressing the worst version for us as a country. He also mentioned something about the Macedonian identity on behalf of Skopje and “of the geographic area of the Macedonia on the Greek side”.

It is clear that the relinquishment of our established international rights favors certain parts of the involved parties. The only legally acceptable solution is the complete alignment of Skopje with European and international rules, in the context of an agreement according to which the righter holds the right as his/her right precedes the right of the other counterpart. For this reason, all Greek companies have the term “Macedonia” or its derivatives in their distinctive features and have not proceeded to pledge procedures it would be advisable to expedite them.

From the extent of the problems from an economic and business aspect, anyone can understand the magnitude of the new problems arising from the “Prespes agreement”. That is why I do not understand those who sympathize with deal just because “it hat be done at some point”. I disagree not only with the outcome of the agreement, but also with the timing and the handling of such an important national issue. Decisions such as these far outweigh the temporary relations between governments, or the pursuit of temporary political benefits. The national horizon may not be restricted by shortsighted micro parties and conveniences. Time in such cases is not “old father time”…

GDPR Seminar at the Association of Lawyers in Preveza

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On Saturday July 14, 2018 a GDPR seminar was held at the Association of Lawyers in Preveza.

The seminar was conducted by Rhetor Law Firm Lawyer and Associate of Rhetor Law Firm, Nikos Papantonopoulos (Certified Data Protection Officer and PhD Candidate in the field of Criminal Protection of Personal Data), after the invitation of the President of the Board of Directors and President of the Association, mister Thomas Georgiou.

During the Seminar, the basic concepts of the Regulation were analyzed as well as the compliance measures that each lawyer has to take and the possibility for GDPR to become a piece of the law. In this seminar the expert in the subject of Personal Data and Rhetor’s partner, Athena Antoniou expressed her own vie on video surveillance systems.


eksodikastikos mixanismos agrotes

Extrajudicial Settlement Scheme for Farmers

By | News

The ability to settle their debts through the online platform of the extrajudicial mechanism (Law 4172/2013) was given to 338.000 farmers with debts to the Agricultural Insurance Organization (O.G.A.), as well as to 23.000 farmers with debts to the former Agricultural Bank! This option will be in effect initially until 31 December 2018, but an extension of this arrangement may be.

The four (4) basic axes of the aforementioned possibility of settling debts that farmers now have are summarized in the following points: a. the ability to write off capital up to 60%, in each case, if the repayment is agreed within three months – and as appropriate with a write-off of up to 40% in case the debtor chooses the 120 installments process over a period of 10 years; b. the option of writing off all interest on late payment, as well as the remission of the fines and surcharges of the Stte, based on the real estate of the debtor; c. re-evaluation of agreed interest rates; d. option of selling real estate for the purpose of repaying the remaining debt.

The above provision concerns all established debts to the tax authorities concerning the tax status of farmers. Specifically and indicatively, the debts that may be included in the settlement are farmers’ debts to the Tax Office for income, VAT, to the O.G.A for their insurance contributions, for debts to banks under liquidation status (formerly Agricultural Bank of Greece – A.T.E. -, former T.T., former F.B.b., former Probank,   former Panhellenic Bank SA, former Cooperative Banks etc.), as well as certified debts to the Organization of the Greek Agricultural Insurance (ELGA).

The above legislative prediction helps farmers a lot concerning their debts. This is a real opportunity for all debtors in this category who are unable to meet their financial obligations.

Rhetor Law Firm undertakes the process of joining the platform of the out-of-court debt settlement mechanism and in particular: (a) the collection of all supporting documents; (b) the process of completing the fields of the electronic platform; (c) monitoring the entire negotiation procedure with the debtor’s creditors up to the final outcome.

For further information, please contact our highly specialized team of Extrajudicial Mechanism, which consists of a specialized economist and lawyers working in the fields of banking and tax law.


What will be the effects of BREXIT on E.U. brands?

By | News

The European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) has clarified in its statement that the E.U. trademarks which are already registered will cease to be protected in the United Kingdom since the date of its withdrawal from the European Union.

Similarly, any new application for an EU trademark after the date of UK’s withdrawal from the E.U. will no longer include the United Kingdom in the countries where the trademark will be protected. The beneficiaries of a registered EU trademark and all those who wish to register their trademark in the United Kingdom will be obliged to follow the trademark registration process through the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). The cost of vesting depends on the type of the trademark and on the number of classes to which it corresponds.

In order to avoid a gap in the protection of the EU trademarks that are already registered in the United Kingdom, the recipients will have to make new applications before the United Kingdom exits the E.U.

Rhetor Law Firm specializes in intellectual and industrial property issues of companies and organizations (trademarks registration, industrial designs vesting, patents and utility models as well as intellectual property copyrights i.e. software, authors’ intellectual rights etc.).


Iliana Kosti,

Lawlyer, LLM

man hand robot

Artificial intelligence in our lives and the legal issues that will arise in the future

By | News

Artificial intelligence is part of our lives more than we realize; from the algorithm which allows us to make electronic payments, the algorithms that answer us when we pose a question to websites of big companies as if they were people up to the “smart broom”, the image recognition applications, “smart” cars and many other applications in our lives. The basis of artificial intelligence is data. Their processing and management are the revolution of our times, potentially with much greater impact on mankind than even the industrial revolution.

Developments in the field of artificial intelligence, while helpful and expected to contribute much more to the improvement of living and to the increase of life expectancy, are already growing rapidly, especially in the health sector (through the automatic processing of a large set of data and the automation of both diagnosis and prevention, the more precise and rapid surgical intervention, the discovery and interpretation of the causes of medical cases), the protection of the environment and the management of global catastrophes (observation, classification, and management of global systems, energy saving, predictions on the behavior and needs of the world’s species, disaster forecasts, the development of protection instruments etc.), the development and management of alternative energy sources, the transportations (The “smart” car is already “on the road” creating huge debates on the management of ethical issues), the entrepreneurship (through the development of methods of analysis and forecasting, through automation of processes etc.), geolocation systems, the natural language processing, the natural language genetration and communication.

Enormous legal issues arise from the above aspects and from many more which concerns the specific field of science and technology, thus presenting the need to address legal issues such as:

  1. What is the definition of an individual? The legal definition of the concept of human, humanoid, machine and related artificial intelligence will be required in matters such as: the definition of default, the acquiring full or limited rights or not acquiring them, as well as regulating intellectual property issues. From philosophical point of view, questions such as what will distinguish man from an artificial intelligence machine, since both have the ability of logical thinking, creation, dialogue and synthesis. Does mankind create a new framework of “slavery”?
  2. Rights: Are artificially intelligent products with an autonomous personality entitled to rights? Will their rights be graded according to the degree of intelligence and autonomy of each machine? What are the obligations of the individual towards them? Will the rights be created on a basis of equality with the human being or will the law of right of pets be adopted, whereas the man -owner will have the same obligations against the law? An artificial intelligence product will be property of a human being or should it be entitled, and the artificial intelligence product should refuse or opt for an owner? Which other legislative model could regulate these issues?
  3. Personal data: People’s personal data are collected continuously from sources that people might not be aware of. Is the existing protection framework enough to regulate their protection and proper use? Additionally, could we talk in the future about personal data of artificial intelligence products and under what conditions could that be? In a conversation between a human and a machine which legislative framework for privacy completion will be implemented?
  4. Culpability: Based on the moral test known as the “trolley problem”, fully automated car which chooses to drift and kill the pedestrian who stands in front of it instead of suddenly braking or turning towards right or left where the obstacle exists in order to aid injury of the passengers is an advanced version. Who is responsible for the crime? The car manufacturer? The developer of the car? The owner of the car? The car itself which may have worked out all the data it could collect from its environment and took voluntarily the decision to hit the pedestrian? And what legal rules will be applied? Under which jurisdiction?
  5. Intellectual Property: Evolution in artificial intelligence also poses challenges in the field of intellectual property products. Could an artificial intelligence product be the only beneficiary or co-owner in a patent or industrial design? And under which circumstances? Could it be considered as a copyright holder of a painting, a book, a musical composition or even a scientific analysis?
  6. Data, security and protection of privacy: Artificial intelligence products collect personal data, but what kind of guarantees exist that these data are adequately protected or managed based on national (and European) legal rules or even generally accepted ethical rules? A typical example are social chatbots (under Bi), whose function is based on the collection of personal data of the people they talk to and which they use both in a subsequent conversation with the same person and in conversations with other people. Since it is practically impossible to be invisible online, how feasible is the adequate protection of privacy and under which legal framework?
  7. Competition and consumer protection issues: In this very wide field of life, we ask questions such as: Which framework regulates the case where a robot is not suitable for the intended use? Could it be guilty of misleading conduct or part of collusion against a competing company? Should the degree of initiative that an artificial intelligence product takes be defined when it trades on behalf of third parties? Where should the legislature’s intervention be stopped for the sake of science?
  8. Jurisdiction issues: The use of artificial intelligence products does not know borders. Therefore, the question that arises is what kind of law is applicable in the event of a violation of a person’s right, in the event of a tort, or in the case of a criminal offense.
  9. Ethical issues: A dominant issue in terms of artificial intelligence is the moral part. Questions such as “is it feasible, but is it moral?” or “in the case of a lose-lose situation (i.e. “smart” car) what is the most ethical choice?” or even “in case the artificial intelligence minimizes jobs, how will the governments react to this situation?”, concern people and legislators. Hypothetical scenarios are created without yet having answers for the most ethically correct option that an artificial intelligence product should be “forced” to have.

The debate on the above issues is expected to be long, and developments in technology are unstoppable. The only certainty is that a new era has already begun for mankind and it is up to us to use the new instruments that are gradually being put to our disposal.

Iliana Costis,

Lawyer, LLM professional in intellectual property issues, personal data and artificial intelligence

Copyright 2017, Rhetor